Museum of Vision

Dedicated to preserving ophthalmic history

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Sectional Navigation

  1. Selections from the Sherman Collection
  2. History of Ophthalmology in the Asia Pacific
  3. Their Eyes to the Sky
  4. Great Insights and Great Thinkers in Ophthalmology
  5. Beyond Ophthalmology, Beyond the Clinic
  6. Extreme Vision: Science Fiction or Truth
  7. Contagion! Epidemics in Ophthalmic History
  8. The Eyes of War
  9. Spectacular Spectacles
  10. To Fool the Eye
  11. Windows to the Soul
  12. Picturing The Eye: Ophthalmic Film and Photography
  13. Collecting Ophthalmology: 30 Years at the Museum

Cameras

Camera obscura, c1810

The word “camera” is short for the term camera obscura or “darkened room.”  In the 18th Century, the camera obscura was a small box with a lens that allowed an artist to project the world onto their paper or canvas.  In 1839, Louis Jacques Mandè Daguerre (1787-1851) announced the addition of a light sensitive plate to this apparatus and the basic camera was born.  Daguerreotypes had several disadvantages including the problem of creating only one-of-a-kind images.  In 1884 George Eastman created the first photographic film from which photos could be reprinted.  Around 1904 Friedrich Dimmer developed the first fundus camera.



  1. Early Photographs
  2. Civil War Era Photographs
  3. Photographs Related to Advances in Medicine
  4. Internal Ocular Photographs
  5. Cameras
  6. Stereographs
  7. Ophthalmic Film
  8. Symposium

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Ophthalmic cameras

Donaldson external stereo-camera, c1954

View more cameras from our collection

American Academy of Ophthalmology